Retinoid is a derivative of Vitamin A that is derived from Retinoic Acid. It unclog pores, boost collagen production to reduce fine lines and wrinkles. It speed cell turnover to even out discoloration and smooth out the skin. Retinoid includes other componds of atom Tretinoin, Adapalene, Tazarotene, Retinol, Adapalene etc and they can be used for the treatment of acne, psoriasis, enlarged pores, wrinkles and other skin disorders.
Acne is caused by clogged pores and occur when skin pores are blocked with excess oil and dead skin cell, they leave scars and hypigmentation behind. I have wrote about acne solution’s in the past and included Differen Gel as an acne remedy which is an adapalene and available over the counter. The prescription version, Retin-A, is a much stronger and more powerful alternative for treating severe acne, scarring and wrinkles. Retinol is a good acne treatment bcause it dissolves dead skin cells, allowing new skin cells to form for clearer, softer and smoother skin. Retinol reduce oil production by oil glands, promote dead cellular turnover, thus ‘declogging’ the skin, reduce inflammation associated with acne, and decrease the growth of bacteria that’s associated with increased acne. Retinol is strong and can cause severe skin peeling and redness.
Retinoid reduce fine lines and wrinkles by increasing the production of collagen, by stimulating the production of new blood vessels in the skin, which improves skin color, thus increasing the firmness and elasticity of skin and softening the depth and overall appearance of wrinkles over time. It is also an antioxidant that helps to counteract the effects of free radicals — which damage skin cells.
Hyperpigmentation occurs when melanin becomes unevenly distributed in the skin and the surface skin pigmentation becomes uneven and dark spots form on the surface of skin. This can be caused by the sun, aging skin, birth control, mask of pregnancy, post inflammatory acne and genetics. I have previously written about hyperpigmentation solutions but didn’t incude retinol. I have compile below retinol products for hyperpigmentation.
Pores are tiny holes in a person’s skin and become enlarged when clogged when oil and dead skin cells build up inside the sebaceous gland. This buildup is caused by:
- Excessive sebum: This is when a person’s sebaceous gland produces a lot of oil, and they have oily skin.
- Decreased elasticity around the pore: This is when the skin becomes less supple, and pores appear enlarged.
- Increased hair follicle volume: This is when the pore at the end of the hair follicle becomes clogged.
To reduce enlarged pores, it is important to shed the top layer of dead skin cells and remove excess oil, which prevents pores from clogging, and also decongest pores that are already clogged. Retinol creams can be use to exfoliate the skin as they boost the production of collagen and elastin.
Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin condition and I found an article explaining it indepth. I extracted key information and add the source below.
Retinoids work in psoriasis by:
- Reducing the rate at which skin cells develop and renew themselves
- Reducing inflammation
Oral Retinoid – Oral retinoids are useful treatments for patients with stubborn or severe psoriasis. However, patients may experience problems with dry skin and other side effects, which may require monitoring by the dermatologist. Retinoids should not be used by women of childbearing age due to their potential for causing abnormalities in an unborn child. Their use should also be avoided in patients with liver abnormalities
Topical Retinoids – In general, topical (applied to the skin) therapy is usually the first choice of doctors for the treatment of plaque psoriasis. Topical delivery, as well as targeting the lesions directly, also results in lower levels of absorption into the body and therefore fewer side effects than with oral drugs.